Results of National Surveillance of Childhood Tuberculosis: 2013-2016
CPS ePoster Library. Morris S. Jun 1, 2017; 176594
Dr. Shaun Morris
Dr. Shaun Morris
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Abstract
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Background: There is little detailed epidemiologic and clinical data about tuberculosis (TB) disease in children in Canada.

Objectives: This study characterizes the epidemiologic, clinical, and treatment data for all cases of TB in children under age 15 in Canada surveyed through the Canadian Pediatric Surveillance Program's (CPSP) Childhood Tuberculosis Study. Preliminary results from the study from October 2013 to September 2016 are presented here, as data collection from reported cases is still ongoing.

Methods: New active TB cases were identified through a monthly form sent by the CPSP to approximately 2500 active pediatricians, pediatric subspecialists, and select non-pediatricians who manage childhood TB. For cases meeting inclusion criteria, a detailed questionnaire was sent to the treating physician to collect clinical, epidemiological, and treatment data, followed by 6-month follow-up surveys until 6 months after treatment completion.

Results:

Conclusion: Preliminary results from this study suggests a high incidence of TB in Inuit and First Nations children, as well as a higher proportion of extrathoracic TB and greater success in culture positivity in children aged 10+. At completion, this study will provide the most complete picture of childhood TB in Canada and will serve to refine practice in monitoring, detecting, and treating this infection.

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